Individuals are considered vulnerable* if they are over 65 years of age, if they are pregnant or if they are already suffering from one of the conditions mentioned hereafter:
- Cardiovascular diseases,
- Chronic diseases of the respiratory tract,
- An immune deficiency due to a condition or therapy,
- Morbid obesity (body mass index > 40 kg/m2).
If you're vulnerable, stay at home and respect the protective measures!
If you absolutely have to go out, observe the following recommendations.
*A more detailed definition is available under "Who is considered vulnerable?"
If possible, go shopping outside of peak hours.
If possible, do your grocery shopping online.
Avoid places where it is not possible to keep a security distance of at least 2 metres.
Avoid public transport.
If you need to exert an economic activity, contact your physician. In this way, you will be able to clarify whether you can continue your economic activity.
Your employer has to grant you a maximum of protection at your workplace, e.g. by enabling you to stay away from your colleagues as much as possible.
Who is considered vulnerable?
Individuals who are over 65 years of age, pregnant women or persons who are already suffering from one of the conditions mentioned hereafter are at higher risk of developing severe complications.
Those conditions are:
- Diabetes: non equilibrated insulin-dependent diabetics or diabetics with indications of secondary diseases,
- Cardiovascular diseases: previous cardiovascular events, complicated hypertension, previous stroke or coronary heart disease, heart surgery, cardiac insufficiency at the stages III or IV,
- Chronic diseases of the respiratory tract: individuals with chronic diseases of the respiratory tract who are susceptible to decompensation during viral infections,
- Cancer: cancer patients who are in treatment,
- Individuals with congenital or acquired immunodeficiencies,
- medicinal: anticancer chemotherapy,
- immunosuppressants, biotherapy and/or corticotherapy at an immunosuppressive dosage,
- uncontrolled infection with HIV or CD4 <200/mm3,
- as a result of an organ transplantation or of a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation,
- tied to a malignant hemopathy that is being treated,
- patients with chronic renal insufficiency in need of dialysis,
- individuals with stage B or C cirrhosis in the Child-Pugh score,
- morbidly obese individuals (body mass index > 40 kg/m2).
Who are the vulnerable children?
COVID-19 infections in children are very different from those in adults, with children being mostly asymptomatic. Severe forms of COVID-19 in children remain uncommon.
Based on currently available data, children with chronic conditions in the following categories can be considered potentially vulnerable:
- certain chronic diseases of the respiratory tract,
- certain heart diseases,
- certain forms of immune deficiency due to a condition or therapy.
If in doubt, do not hesitate to contact your paediatrician.
You can also consult the Superior Council of Infectious Diseases' (Conseil supérieur des maladies infectieuses - CSMI) recommendations on this subject.
For more information